Monday, January 20, 2020

Poverty in Africa Essay -- essays research papers

African nations regularly fall to the bottom of any list measuring economic activity, such as per capita income or per capita GDP, despite a wealth of natural resources. The bottom 25 spots of the United Nations (UN) quality of life index are regularly filled by African nations. In 2006, 34 of the 50 nations on the UN list of least developed countries are in Africa. In many nations, the per capita income is often less than $200 U.S. per year, with the vast majority of the population living on much less. In addition, Africa's share of income has been consistently dropping over the past century by any measure. In 1820, the average European worker earned about three times what the average African did. Now, the average European earns twenty times what the average African does. Although per capita incomes in Africa have also been steadily growing, and poverty falling, measures are still far better in other parts of the world, such as Latin America, which suffers from many of the same disa dvantages that Africa has. Africans should not blame Mr. Tony Blair, Prime Minister of Britain, The World Bank, George W. Bush, the president of the United States of America, any western developed country or the United Nations for attempting to redress through the Commission for Africa report, and decades of imbalances and injustices visited on Africans by both African rulers and their western collaborators. It is this callous and wicked conspiracy that has brought the beautiful and virgin continent on her knees, largely impoverishing its people and turned them into beggars, crying babies and laughing stocks of the global community. As an African, I have lost count of the number of times, my tummy has ached, and my senses insulted by the shocking im... ...hat this is the era of accountability and transparency in the running of governmental affairs, the current generation of Africans is enlightened and empowered, and are capable of asking questions about their actions. To conclude, Africans by default, willingly and unwillingly are Africa?s worst enemies like the Ghanaian proverb goes, ?the insect that bites you can be found in your cloth?. References ? UN-OHRLLS List of Least Developed ? Founou-Tchuigoua, Bernard Food self-sufficiency: Crisis of the collective ideology African agriculture: The critical choices. United Nations University Press (1990) ISBN 0-86232-798-9 ? World Commission on Protected Areas (1995-2006) WCPA West and Central Africa Region Key Issues The World Conservation Union ? Poverty in Africa from the World Bank ? Poverty In Africa And The Commission For Africa Report by Uche Nworah Poverty in Africa Essay -- essays research papers African nations regularly fall to the bottom of any list measuring economic activity, such as per capita income or per capita GDP, despite a wealth of natural resources. The bottom 25 spots of the United Nations (UN) quality of life index are regularly filled by African nations. In 2006, 34 of the 50 nations on the UN list of least developed countries are in Africa. In many nations, the per capita income is often less than $200 U.S. per year, with the vast majority of the population living on much less. In addition, Africa's share of income has been consistently dropping over the past century by any measure. In 1820, the average European worker earned about three times what the average African did. Now, the average European earns twenty times what the average African does. Although per capita incomes in Africa have also been steadily growing, and poverty falling, measures are still far better in other parts of the world, such as Latin America, which suffers from many of the same disa dvantages that Africa has. Africans should not blame Mr. Tony Blair, Prime Minister of Britain, The World Bank, George W. Bush, the president of the United States of America, any western developed country or the United Nations for attempting to redress through the Commission for Africa report, and decades of imbalances and injustices visited on Africans by both African rulers and their western collaborators. It is this callous and wicked conspiracy that has brought the beautiful and virgin continent on her knees, largely impoverishing its people and turned them into beggars, crying babies and laughing stocks of the global community. As an African, I have lost count of the number of times, my tummy has ached, and my senses insulted by the shocking im... ...hat this is the era of accountability and transparency in the running of governmental affairs, the current generation of Africans is enlightened and empowered, and are capable of asking questions about their actions. To conclude, Africans by default, willingly and unwillingly are Africa?s worst enemies like the Ghanaian proverb goes, ?the insect that bites you can be found in your cloth?. References ? UN-OHRLLS List of Least Developed ? Founou-Tchuigoua, Bernard Food self-sufficiency: Crisis of the collective ideology African agriculture: The critical choices. United Nations University Press (1990) ISBN 0-86232-798-9 ? World Commission on Protected Areas (1995-2006) WCPA West and Central Africa Region Key Issues The World Conservation Union ? Poverty in Africa from the World Bank ? Poverty In Africa And The Commission For Africa Report by Uche Nworah

Saturday, January 11, 2020

Personal Constructs Theory Essay

Kelly offered a fresh and enlightening means of understanding human psychology. He presented personal construct theory as a complete, innovative and elaborated abstraction of how people make sense of their world and themselves. It is unique since it can be seen as metatheory, a theory about theories. It holds that people anticipate events by the meanings or interpretations that they place on those events. Kelly called these interpretations personal constructs. His philosophical position, called constructive alternativism, assumes that alternative interpretations are always available to people. Simply, it means that our interpretation of the future are subject to revision or are bound to change. In this manner, a person construe their world from different angles and whatever that angle is, it may not be the right angle in the future. Kelly believed that people construe events according to their personal constructs rather than reality. He also postulated that a person is, in some way, a scientist or vice versa. People generally attempt to solve everyday problems in much the same fashion as scientists; that is, they observe, ask questions, formulate hypotheses, infer conclusions, and predict future events and because scientists are people, their pronouncements should be regarded with the same skepticism as any other data. His assumption was human behavior is shaped by the way people anticipate the future and the constructions made earlier are replaced later in life. Accordingly, it is somehow true to myself. In the simplest experience, when I was in elementary, I wanted to become Pharmacy no matter what it takes or how long will it take. My perception was to go to college earning a pharmacy degree which in essence is the construction I made personally. Then, I went to high school, unexpectedly, I changed my mind. Even though I hold on to my dream of being a Pharmacy, I wasn’t able to reach that because I’ve changed, my wants change. As to the 11 Supporting corollaries postulated by Kelly such as (1) Construction Corollary, a search for repeated themes – replications (2) Individuality Corollary, individuals differ from each other in terms of how they interpret events (3) Organization Corollary, constructs are interrelated and subsuming (4) Dichotomy Corollary, constructs are bipolar and finite in number (5) Choice Corollary, movement in a direction which elaborates the construct system and leads to definition or extension (6) Range Corollary, a construct is applicable for a range of events (7) Experience Corollary, systems change through validation and invalidation (8) Modulation Corollary, permeability of constructs allows the assimilation of new events (9) Fragmentation Corollary, sub-systems of constructs may not be logically related (10) Commonality Corollary, similarity of others is based on similarity of construing. (11) Sociality Corollary, relating to others is successful when the person understands others construing. Among these corollaries, arising from individual’s experience, I consider Individuality Corollary as very true to myself. Kelly’s Individuality Corollary, which states that a person differ from each other in their own constructions of events, stresses how unique the individual is or how individual differences can be visualize.

Friday, January 3, 2020

Essay on Camus’ The Stranger (The Outsider) Meursault...

Meursault as Christ in The Stranger (The Outsider)nbsp;nbsp; nbsp;In one of his later interviews, Camus made the somewhat irritated comment that Meursault is the â€Å"only Christ we deserve.† While this seem to be a pithy, witty comment, we need to figure out how Meursault is like Christ. Christ taught his disciples and had them go and teach others, yet Meursault has no disciples and chooses to say little. Meursault murders while Christ brings a man back from the dead. Most drastically, Christ †died for our sins† in order to make all those who follow free from original sin. Meursault just dies. So it is hard to see the link. If, however, we are to take Camus seriously, we need to push hard on this comparison. Christ lived his life†¦show more content†¦For Meursault, his death comes randomly. When the penultimate moment comes, and both men are asked by their judges to say something on their own behalf. Both men refuse. Pontius Pilate puts the question to Jesus, trying to get him to say anything to save himself. Through it all, Jesus keeps his mouth shut and insures his crucifixion. This silence is unusual for Jesus; he starts talking as an infant, teaching the teachers and keeps rapping for his entire life. His eloquent silence in the end tells more about his desire for death than anything he could say. Meursault’s moment comes at the end of his trial, when the judge asks if he has anything to say. Faced with the guillotine at the end of a sham trial, Meursault could have railed at the system or begged for forgiveness. Instead he chooses to say nothing. Saying anything at that point would have been banal; there was nothing relevant he could say. Nothing would change his fate. So that is what he chose to say. Christ chooses silence for his eloquence, using his silen ce to choose his death. Meursault chooses silence because there is nothing for him to say. The ultimate difference between the two is illustrated by their respective deaths. In dying, Christ alleviates the entire population of the earth and the populations to come of sin. As a result of his death, everyone has a shot at heaven. On the other hand, Meursault’s death is a repudiation of the afterlife. Before hisShow MoreRelated A Comparison of the Heroes Of The Stranger (The Outsider) and The Myth of Sisyphus1076 Words   |  5 Pages The Absurd Heroes Of The Stranger (The Outsider) and The Myth of Sisyphusnbsp;nbsp; In The Myth of Sisyphus, Sisyphus is an absurd hero because he realizes his situation, does not appeal, and yet continues the struggle. The purpose of this essay is to demonstrate that The Stranger is, in narrative style, also showing us an absurd hero, or the beginning of an absurd hero in Meursault. In The Myth of Sisyphus Camus establishes the epistemology on which he bases all his works. Ant its a veryRead More Essay on Camus’ The Stranger (The Outsider): Finding a Rational God through Nature3501 Words   |  15 PagesFinding a Rational God through Nature in Camus The Stranger (The Outsider)    Turning towards nature for fulfillment, The Stranger’s Meursault rejects the ideology of God as a savior and is consequently juxtaposed against Jesus Christ’s martyrdom, Christianity and the infamous crucifixion. To the inexperienced reader, Meursault appears to be an extreme atheist. Later in Albert Camus’ novel, he is revealed as a humanistic soul that’s in touch with the universality of the earth and soil he treadsRead More Essay on Camus’ The Stranger (The Outsider): Meursault as Metaphysical Rebel1996 Words   |  8 PagesMeursault as Metaphysical Rebel in The Stranger (The Outsider)  Ã‚     Ã‚   The Stranger by Albert Camus was published in 1942. The setting of the novel is Algiers where Camus spent his youth in poverty. In many ways the main character, Meursault, is a typical Algerian youth. Like them, and like Camus himself, Meursault was in love with the sun and the sea. His life is devoted to appreciating physical sensations. He seems so devoid of emotion. Something in Meursaults character has appealed primarily

Thursday, December 26, 2019

Plot Structure Of The Kite Runner - 1690 Words

Khaled Hosseini and Arundhati Roy’s novels are devised in such a way that the plot structures are exact parallels. Thus, they can successfully use the same plot structure to portray two divergent effects of losing one’s innocence in a traumatic event. The plot structure of the novels also reinforces the idea of innocence. The plot structure for The Kite Runner is chronological, but the plot structure for The God of Small Things is circular. In his novel, The Kite Runner, Hosseini begins to dive into the distinction by beginning the novel with introducing the main character, Amir, and his friend Hassan. Hosseini makes sure to note that the two boys are from different religious clans, and so their friendship is looked down upon. Hosseini†¦show more content†¦The God of Small Things is out of sequence because the novel is jumbled. As a result, Arundhati Roy uses this to reinforce the idea of a circular plot structure, where the characters are unable to break fr ee of the cycle. Estha tried to protect Rahel from losing her innocence once the Orangedrink Lemondrink man molested him, but he was unable to, and as a result the twins end up having sex at the end of the novel. However, in his novel The Kite Runner Khaled Hosseini portrays Amir as unable to save Hassan from the rape that takes place, and instead shows Amir protecting Sohrab, Hassan’s son, who was also raped by the same person. CONCLUSION: In both novels, Arundhati Roy and Khaled Hosseini took careful consideration when conveying their message to readers. They both utilize similar story plots, plot structure, and symbols that represent similar meanings. As an author, Khaled Hosseini clearly describes Amir’s journey and his reactions to specific events throughout the novel, crafting his responses in clever ways. Arundhati Roy also employs the same technique in her novel, choosing to use a similar plot structure, but having the characters react differently to the scenarios they face. Amir, for example, chooses to take control of his future not allowing his past to affect his decisions, and thus Hosseini portrays him as hopeful for the future. However, Roy, chooses to end the novel with the twins, Rahel and Estha,Show MoreRelatedThe Kite Runner By Khaled Hosseini1574 Words   |  7 PagesHosseini’s, The Kite Runner, is love. The Kite Runner follows Amir, the main character, finding redemption fr om a series of traumatic childhood events. Throughout the novel, the author uses many powerful symbols to represent the complexity of love that many experience in relationships. The use of the kite, the pomegranate tree, the slingshot, and the cleft lip all tie together to underscore a universal theme of love. To begin, the most explicit symbol present in the book is the kite. The kite representsRead MoreThe Kite Runner Essay1321 Words   |  6 PagesWhat are the essential values and ideas presented in The Kite Runner? 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The story is situated against a backdrop of turbulent and volatile events, from the fall of Afghanistan s monarchy through theRead MoreEast of Eden vs the Kite Runner1261 Words   |  6 PagesThe desire for love and the need for acceptance can create more than a feeling of rejection. In East of Eden and The Kite Runner, many characters find the task of love daunting and insufficient to their expectations. Love presents its elf in every aspect of both novels and therefore is a major theme. Whether it was love from family or lovers, both novels explore the idea of unrequited love and its consequences on the characters lifelong journeys. The theme of love is a major underlying causeRead MoreThe Kite Runner By Khaled Hosseini2486 Words   |  10 PagesThe Kite Runner by Khaled Hosseini is a brilliantly crafted story about the friendship between the son of a wealthy man and the son of his father’s servant. The main character Amir, flashbacks to 26 years ago, when him and his friend Hassan, the servant’s son, were the tightest of friends, playing together even though they belong to different castes. These bullies come up and fight against Hassan, as he belongs to the Hazara sect. Life moves along and the two friends are in a kite flying competitionRead MoreEssay On Hassan As An Archetype1014 Words   |  5 PagesChrist-like figure. In conjunction, this essay will also explore how the plot, structure, and action contributed to the character development of Hassan, as well as other influencing factor, including symbolic actions, cultural conventions, and the unspoken bond between Hassan and Amir. To facilitate significant exploration and development of ideas, source material will not be limited to only the literary text The Kite Runner, will it will make use of secondary research material that supplementsRead MoreClass Inequality In The Kite Runner1320 Words   |  6 Pagesthing for humans not to be seen as equal, whether it be be a person s race, belonging to a certain religious or ethnic group, or social status. It shouldn’t be that way, but that’s the predicament that society finds itself in. In the novel, The Kite Runner by Khaled Hosseini these problems are evident throughout the book. Taking place in war torn Afghanistan and the safe haven of the United States, Amir and his father Baba face the struggle of transitioning from the upper class lifestyle in AfghanistanRead MoreThe Explorations of Structure Essay1332 Words   |  6 Pagesstyle emerged as the front runner of cinema; it told a story, it made money, and it entertained. However, this bec ame stagnant and formulaic, artists not only wanted to entertain, but to provoke and inspire viewers. This mindset is what inspired cinematic innovation within the post-war period— art movements such as the French New Wave and Italian neo-realism emerged. Filmmakers like Jean-Luc Godard rejected the traditional conventions of cinematography, editing and structure and chose to create theirRead MoreLiterary Criticism : The Free Encyclopedia 7351 Words   |  30 Pagesof the coming-of-age story) is a literary genre that focuses on the psychological and moral growth of the protagonist from youth to adulthood (coming of age),[3] in which character change is extremely important.[4][5] Contents [hide] 1 Origin 2 Plot outline 3 Examples 3.1 Precursors 3.2 17th century 3.3 18th century 3.4 19th century 3.5 20th century 3.6 21st century 4 See also 5 Notes 6 References 7 Bibliography 8 Further reading 9 External links Origin[edit] The term was coined in 1819 byRead MoreDeveloping Management Skills404131 Words   |  1617 Pagessuch as finance, accounting, human resources, nursing, and law are also considered Managerial employees. The Executive level includes the 12 highest-ranking employees at SSS Software. An organization chart in Figure 4 illustrates SSS Software’s structure. There is also an Employee Classification Report that lists the number of employees at each level of the organization. In this exercise, you will play the role of Chris Perillo, Vice President of Operations for Health and Financial Services. You

Wednesday, December 18, 2019

Analysis Of Coca Cola And Coco Frio By Martin Espada

American Consumerism in â€Å"Coca-Cola and Coco Frà ­o† by Martà ­n Espada In today’s world, every person in every country has a similar image in mind when they think of the United States. Common words that come to mind are ideal, lazy, superior, and consumer. These words are associated with the United States due to American consumerism, or the practice of an increasing consumption of goods. In Martà ­n Espada’s â€Å"Coca-Cola and Coco Frà ­o,† he criticizes American consumerism by relating the people of Puerto Rico to ignorance due to the level of power the United States has over them. American consumerism is dangerous because it not only influences people worldwide, but also makes people forget about all of the wonderful aspects about where they live. In â€Å"Coca-Cola and Coco Frà ­o† the fat boy symbolizes American consumerism. Right at the beginning of the poem Espada introduces this relation when he says â€Å"the fat boy wander[s] fr om table to table with his mouth open.† Key terms in the sentence that relate to American consumerism are â€Å"fat boy† and â€Å"mouth open.† These terms relate because they express the idea of openness and over-consumption. Another image that Espada provides to connect the boy and American consumerism is when he says the boy â€Å"drool[s] coconut milk down his chin.† Instead of savoring the coco frà ­o, the boy eagerly â€Å"tilt[s] the green shell overhead† and consumes it as fast as possible, mimicking the way Americans consume everything. While Espada focuses on consumption, heShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of The Poem Coca Cola And Coco Frio By Martin Espada1569 Words   |  7 Pagescultural trends, beliefs and customs spread quickly from one culture to another. In his poem, â€Å"Coca-Cola and Coco Frio,† Martin Espada provides his readers with a great example of cultural diffusion that a boy encounters when he visits his native countr y, Puerto Rico. The â€Å"fat boy† mentioned in the poem is none other than Martin Espada himself (3). By sharing his childhood experience in Puerto Rico, Espada tries to prove that acceptance of other cultures can have a negative impact as people incline

Tuesday, December 10, 2019

Report On Oil And Gas Management Programme Petroleum geoscience

Question: Describe about the Report On Oil And Gas Management Programme of Petroleum geoscience? Answer: Introduction SR Limited is a renowned company dealing in oil and gas exploration and production services. The company earlier in the year 2014 had applied for four licenses for acquiring of the rights of test drills in four fields. Since the company along with the other companies in the EP industry is dealing with sustainable fossil fuels, hence the exploration of new fields is necessary to add to the oil reserves of the company (Oil Gas Monitor, 2015). The company is currently operating in seven fields. The report focuses on the four major challenges SR ltd is facing concerning the field-testing on the three fields. The report will provide a detailed analysis of the problem thereby focusing on the recommendations for the company. Challenges faced by SR limited SR limited is an oil and gas exploration and production company facing certain challenges in implementation of the drill testing. Firstly, the company is facing challenge in respect of inadequate financial sources for drill test expenses. SR ltd had applied for test drill license in four different fields namely Edwin, Felicity, Georgia and Hetty. However, the company secured drilling permission on three fields except Hetty. However, the company management is unsure about the availability of the financial resources in order to bear the expenses of the test drill (Oilandgasuk.co.uk, 2015). Secondly, considering the financial constraint that SR will supposedly face in testing three fields, the management of the company decided to consider the farm out offer from Drill Well (DW). However, this farm out offer posed as a challenge when DW suggested the option payment terms to SR. The demand on the discounted purchase price for the proven reserves by DW made the management of SR apprehensive about the deal (Raymond and Leffler, 2005). Thirdly, the goodwill of SR was threatened by the protests from the Care Green Party for the use of restricted fossil fuels like oil, gas, oil shale, oil sand and coal. This questioned the sustainability business of SR and the management of the company feared that the negative publicity would affect the stakeholders and the shareholders thereby affecting the procurement of financial resources from the market (Zhang, 2012). Lastly, SR ltd is facing problems in relation to the corporate governance issues concerning a particular outsourcer namely Boring Holes UK. The political unrest in Apache fields had made it difficult for the SR outsourcer Boring Holes to retain, recruit, or replace employees and engineers within the company. Hence, the company forged the signature of the engineer on the control log records. Since there was no problem with the safety control procedures and since the government checking procedure is soon due hence SR ltd has decided to forgo the matter however it is a grave corporate concern as the ethical norms have been hampered within the system (Opec.org, 2015). Analysis of the problems Problem 1 Since the CFO of SR ltd was absent, hence the company was unsure about the financial sources about the test drilling in the three fields. Moreover, the company could not wait for the CFOs recovery since there was an open acceptance of the license within 2 weeks. As per Contract act 1872, section 2 (206), if SR ltd did not accept the offer within 2 weeks the offer may be reverted or the prices may be changed. The company is considering two options for raising finance namely bank loans and right issues (Ogj.com, 2015). The estimated expense of the test drilling is around $ 20251825 million. As per the reports of Oil and Gas Industry UK, the commercial banks have reduced their loan amounts and have increased the regulations on the loan since apart from the calculated costs the companies incur other costs like leasehold acquisition costs, capital expenditures and additional drilling costs due to involvement of new technologies. Moreover the fluctuations in the prices of the oil and gas h as made it mandatory for the banks to increase the total lending rate by more than three times of the overall operating profit of the company. Moreover SR ltd will also have problems in issuing one right share against two existing shares to the shareholders since the investment amount will increase and with the fluctuating oil prices, the investors will not be willing to increase the investment rates (Downey, 2009). Problem 2 DW has offered option payment to SR ltd before the field was ready to be farmed out. Hence, there was a risk for DW about presence of commercial reserves in Georgia. The first condition of the agreement states that if the test drilling is not completed within 31st March 2016, SR ltd will have to pay $ 1 million (Energyinst.org, 2015). However, the uncertainty regarding finance options will prove this a risky term for SR Ltd. Moreover, the term of keeping the $10 million in the Escrow account will also pose problems for SR Ltd. The major disadvantage being SR Ltd will have no control over the deposited money and will receive installment payments (Smil, 2008). Moreover, the money in the Escrow account will also not yield any interest for SR ltd and the company will not be able to generate further investments. SR will receive $ 6 million if the company can prove the presence of reserves of oil in Georgia that is again an uncertain factor. Finally, the agreement states that irrespective of the fluctuations in the oil prices DW will get 10% discount on the average oil price. Thus, the revenue from the Georgia field will cease to decrease (Kaygusuz, 2002). Problem 3 As per the reports of OPEC, the future demand for the fossil fuels is likely to increase by 5.96 %. Hence, the sustainability issues are on a rise for the EP industries. The estimated demand for the fossil fuels will increase by 30 to 50%. However, this energy growth will increase the environmental pressure. The campaign against the EP industries including SR ltd showing their lack of interest in preserving of the renewable energy sources will affect the stakeholders of the EP industries. SR ltd is also likely to experience a fall in the share prices due to the negative publicity. However to increase the revenue the company will have to depend on the fossil fuels exploration (Yergin, 2009). Problem 4 In this scenario, the management of SR ltd forgoes the forgery of the signature. However, section 1 of the Forgery and Counterfeiting Act 1981 states that a person involved in the false representation of the signature or false representation of a statement shall be regarded as a criminal and punishable by law. Although SR ltd did not suffer any safety issues due to the forgery of the signature of the engineer by Boring Ltd, however the act is unethical and unlawful. The forgery of the signature by Boring Holes is an act of false representation as per section 2 of the Fraud Act 2006 (Eia.gov, 2015). Boring Hole has thus falsely represented the control chart on behalf of the ex engineer. If SR ltd foregoes the matter then in future both the companies may have to suffer legal obligations however if SR ltd acknowledged the matter then during the government inspection the Boring Holes will be ordered for closure due to act of falsification and outsourcing of SR will be stopped (Bower, 201 0). Conclusion The report shows the analysis of the problems that SR Ltd is facing in successfully starting its test drilling activities in the three newly acquired fields. However, the company can cope with the situations if necessary legal, ethical, financial and managerial recommendations can be provided. Recommendations SR ltd can opt for bank loans since the company has broad asset base and moderate capital needs. With a high GP ratio of around 48% and a consistent increase in the oil and gas prices by 5% on an average will help SR ltd to secure broad asset base from other fields like Apache, Barracuda and Columbia. Thus, the company can take a low amount of low from the banks and thus will have to pay low interest rates. Moreover, the use of Mezzanine financing options will also help SR ltd to acquire finance for the projects (Longwell, 2002). If SR ltd raises loan though Mezzanine financing then the lenders will be willing to contribute the amount because if SR ltd fails to return the money then the lender will acquire ownership of shares of the company. This type of debt capitals are readily available without any collateral security hence it is s feasible option for SR ltd since the company needs urgent finance requirements to start the test drillings. The farm out agreement between DW and SR suggested that DW would adopt an Option farm out however; the stated terms may pose challenges for SR ltd. Hence, in this regard SR ltd should suggest Obligation farm out to the farmee that is DW. The farm out agreement states that before commencing of the agreement the farmor should consider the situations like- the current economic climate, value of the target property, geological information and need of the farmor. However, in case of SR ltd management of the company is opting for a farm out agreement since they are afraid that the company will lack both financial and managerial sources for test drilling in three fields simultaneously. However the current asset base and the financing options for SR ltd confirms that the company will not have any finance issues. However, the managerial data are unknown. However SR ltd should consider offering drill to earn farm out to DW. Finally, DWs demand of 10% discount on the oil prices irrespective of the changes in the oil price should be discarded. Rather SR ltd should offer the term of 10% discount on the fluctuating oil prices. Exploration of Fossil fuels are the major source of revenue for the EP industries hence the negative publicity against the lack of necessary precautions relating to use of fossil fuels has no solution for the companies. However SR Ltd can try to change the image in the mind of the concerned stakeholders. Firstly SR Ltd should produce a well-complied corporate sustainability Report stating the various CSR activities undertaken by the company in the financial year. Among the CSR activities, SR Ltd can avoid exploration and appraisal drilling on the roads since they contribute to erosions and surface hydrology. The CSR report should also include the facts that SR Ltd is abiding by the Petroleum laws, Environmental Protection Acts, Safety and Fire Protection acts, Marine Pollution laws etc (Dawei, 2010). Moreover SR ltd should adopt the ISO 14000 standards for production and exploration of oil and gas. As per ISO 14010 the performance evaluation of the drilling machines should be underta ken, as per ISO 14024 the life cycle analysis and product standard analysis should be conducted by SR ltd. Finally, to make the customers and the shareholders aware of the needs to exploration and oil production, SR ltd can make video campaigns of showing the dark, wet and stranded world in absence of oil and gas. This will arouse the need for the exploration and production activities in the mind of the customers and the stakeholders. In dealing with the fourth problem, SR Ltd should consider the legal and ethical well being of the company rather than the long- term profitable future of the company. If the act of signature forgery is not settled in accordance to legal terms then the management at Boring Hole will get an opportunity to produce a similar falsification act in the future. In this case, SR Ltd may not have incurred any safety issues however, the same cannot be guaranteed for the future purpose. However, as per the Criminal Laws relating to Forgery offences, Boring Hole had no criminal or defrauding intent hence the government as well as SR Ltd should charge a minimum state penalty of around $ 125000 from the management of Boring Hole (Bjorlykke, 2010). Moreover, to avoid any suck future occurrences SR Ltd transfer an official from the main branch of SR Ltd to Boring Hole to look after the control techniques and any unethical procedure undertaken by Boring Hole. Reference list: Bjorlykke, K. (2010).Petroleum geoscience: From sedimentary environments to rock physics. Springer Science Business Media. Bower, T., (2010), The Squeeze: Oil, Money and Greed in the 21st Century, HarperPress [ISBN 978-0007276554] Dawei, Z. (2010). Strategic concepts of accelerating the survey, exploration and exploitation of shale gas resources in China [J].Oil Gas Geology,2, 004. Downey, M., (2009) Oil 101, Wooden Table Press LLC [ISBN 978-0982039205] Eia.gov, (2015).U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA). [online] Available at: https://www.eia.gov/ [Accessed 9 Mar. 2015]. Energyinst.org, (2015).Welcome to the Energy Institute - Energy Institute. [online] Available at: https://www.energyinst.org/home [Accessed 9 Mar. 2015]. Kaygusuz, K. (2002). Oil and Gas Production and Consumption in Turkey.Energy, Exploration Exploitation, 20(1), pp.37-50. Longwell, H. J. (2002). The future of the oil and gas industry: past approaches, new challenges.World Energy,5(3), 100-104. Ogj.com, (2015).Oil Gas Journal- Oil and Gas News, Prices, Oil Drilling, Exploration and Production. [online] Available at: https://www.ogj.com [Accessed 9 Mar. 2015]. Oil Gas Monitor, (2015).New Paradigm in EP Finance. [online] Available at: https://www.oilgasmonitor.com/new-paradigm-ep-finance/6792/ [Accessed 9 Mar. 2015]. Oilandgasuk.co.uk, (2015).Oil Gas UK - Home Page. [online] Available at: https://www.oilandgasuk.co.uk/ [Accessed 9 Mar. 2015]. Opec.org, (2015).OPEC : Home. [online] Available at: https://www.opec.org [Accessed 9 Mar. 2015]. Raymond, H. and Leffler, W., (2005), Oil and Gas Production in Nontechnical Language, PennWell Books [ISBN 978-1593700522] Smil, V., (2008), Oil: A Beginners Guide, Oneworld Publications [ISBN 978-1851685714] Yergin, D., (2009), The Prize: The Epic Quest for Oil, Money and Power, FreePress, New York [ISBN 978-1439110126] ZHANG, K. (2012). Strategic replacement situation and outlook of China oil-gas production area.Petroleum Exploration and Development, 39(5), pp.547-559. Problem 4

Monday, December 2, 2019

The serial killer

Albert Fish was born as Hamilton Howard Fish in Washington, D.C. on 19 May 1870. Most of his family members had a standing history of mental instability; for example, his uncle suffered from religious obsession, a brother was admitted in a mental hospital, another brother had suffered from hydrocephalus, which had made him to pass on.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on The serial killer- Albert Fish specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More More so, his sister had a mental affliction, three â€Å"other close relatives suffered from chronic mental illnesses, and his mother was believed to suffer frequent aural and/or visual hallucinations† (Chamblee, 2004). Fish’s mother, forced to look for another source of livelihood due to her inability to take care of her son following the death of his father, took him to Saint John’s orphanage in Washington. While here, Albert together with other boys could be freque ntly battered and whipped in front of one another by their teachers. He eventually came to relish physical pain from the communal beatings and related sadistic acts of brutality. By 1880, his mother got a fairly better government job and was able to take care of him; however, his behavior started to take a negative twist more so due to the kind of relationships he established, for instance, he adopted weird practices like taking human urine and â€Å"visiting public baths where he could watch other boys undress† (Wilson (1988). By 1890, Fish had arrived in New York City, where he became a male prostitute; and at the same time began defiling and murdering young boys, a crime he kept committing not necessarily seeking sexual gratification, but because he enjoyed feeding on flesh of children (Hopkins, 2003, p. 3). First incarceration Even after starting his professional life as a house painter, Fish’s ‘appetite’ for assaulting young children especially boys c ontinued to grow; moreover his attention turned to mentally ill men, with a case in point being the relationship he had with a mentally impaired man, who at a given time he attempted to castrate. As if this was not enough, Fish started visiting brothels frequently where he could be whipped and flogged; and in 1903, â€Å"he was arrested for embezzlement and was sentenced to incarceration in Sing Sing† (Kray, 2007). In 1917, Fish’s wife left him for John Straube, a rejection that caused him to start indulging in self-harm; for instance, he would always insert pins in his groin and removing them, a behavior that persisted until he could no longer remove the pins he had inserted (Newton, 2006, p. 78). Moreover, his psychological problems that involved elusions and hallucinations grew so much that he began to abduct, castrate, and torture young boys, a practice he claimed to have been directed by spiritual voices.Advertising Looking for essay on psychology? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Early attacks and attempted abductions Fish happened to commit his first attack on a child, Thomas Bedden in the years 1910, and nine years later, he stabbed a mentally retarded boy in Georgetown, Washington, D.C. However, the most astonishing case was witnessed in the 1920 when Fish turned cannibal by kidnapping, killing and subsequently feeding on flesh of a ten-year girl (Philbin and philbin, 2009, p. 7). Apparently, many of his intended victims would be either mentally disturbed or black Americans. However, his efforts to murder Beatrice Kiel were futile when the latter’s parents noticed his ill intentions and kept him off. Second incarceration, arrest and trial Fish remarried in 1930, in New York; however, this marriage could not as well last for long as he eventually divorced his wife within seven days of marriage. In addition, Fish was later arrested in May 1930 for â€Å"sending an obscene lett er to a woman who answered an advertisement for a maid† (Wilson, 1988). This was after a psychiatric observation Bellevue psychiatric hospital in 1930 and 1931 for observation, following his arrests; but two years before this, Ford had kidnapped Grace Budd, which led him to be arrested six years later. Fish’s trial started in 1935 during which he defended himself alleging that he was insane. After much examination and trial, he was found both guilty and sane by the jury after which he was sentenced to death, followed by an execution a year later (Wilson, 1988). Underlying cause for the evidence for the cause of Albert Fish’s behavior An analysis of Alvin Ford serial killer’s case is very closely related to that of Albert Fish. In 1986, the â€Å"United States Supreme Court used Florida’s procedure for determining mental competency for execution as a test case for banning execution of the mentally ill;† indeed, under Ford v. Wainwright â€Å" the eighth amendment prohibits the state from inflicting a penalty of death upon a prisoner who is insane† (Miller, and Radelet, 1993). Although Florida’s procedure may now be constitutional on its face, in practice, Florida continues to execute the mentally ill. In 1974, Florida charged Alvin Ford with murder, after which he was sentenced to death. At the trial level, Ford raised no competency issues but after imprisonment, he showed symptoms of delusion, confusion, and psychosis. A fourteen months examination by a defense psychiatrist revealed that Ford was suffering from paranoid Schizophrenia with suicide potential that hindered him the potential to defend his life. Other three governor- appointed psychiatrists examined him for only thirty minutes and discovered that although he exhibited mental disorder, he understood his total situation including his death penalty and the implications thereof (Wilson, 1988).Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on T he serial killer- Albert Fish specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More After the defense psychiatrist examined Ford, he concluded that Ford suffered from paranoid schizophrenia; however, although the examination of other three governor-appointed psychiatrists revealed that Ford suffered from mental disorder, they concluded that he understood his total situation, including his penalty and its implications. When the case reached the Supreme Court, the Court’s plurality observed that no states allowed the execution of mentally retarded persons. The Justice in concurrence with Ford suggested a procedure used by Florida today that does not require full sanity prior to execution and an individual’s need to assist the counsel in his or her defense. Even though the court left the standard and procedures open-ended, it clearly indicated that Florida’s procedure totally violated the eighth Amendment in three ways. (1) by denying th e prisoner a mechanism to challenge the findings and impeach the findings of the governor appointed psychiatrists, (2) by placing the entire competency determination in the hands of the governor and (3) by preventing the condemned from playing any relevant role in the quest for truth (Chamblee, 2004). Conclusion In comparison to Albert Fish’s case, Dempsey termed Fish as ‘a psychological phenomenon’. Psychiatrist Wertham also examined and found Fish to be obsessed with religion, cannibalism, and communion. Fish himself pleaded insanity; however, although the jury found him sane and guilty, the reports, and examinations from other psychiatrists, rendering him insane should have been put into accurate consideration (Wilson and Seaman, 2004, p. 176). Fish’s activities totally reveal that he was mentally retarded, and if this is true, then the jury totally violated the United States Supreme Court’s eighth amendment. References Chamblee, L. E. (2004). Ti me for a legislative change: Florida’s stagnant standard governing competency for execution. Web. Hopkins, A. (2003). This Cannibal loved Kids – Literally. Weekly World News, Vol. 24, No. 19. Web.Advertising Looking for essay on psychology? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Kray, K. (2007). The world’s worst crimes of 20 killers and their 1000 victims. Brooklyn, John Blake. Miller, K. S. and Radelet, M. L. (1993). Executing the mentally ill: Criminal Justice System and the case of Alvin Ford. Michigan, Sage Publications. Web. Newton, M. (2006). The encyclopedia of serial killers. Edition2. NY, Infobase Publishing. Web. Philbin, T. and Philbin, M. (2009). The Killer Book of Serial Killers: Incredible Stories, Facts and Trivia from the World of Serial Killers. Texas, Sourcebooks, Inc. Web. Wilson, C. and Seaman, D. (2004). The Serial Killers. London, Virgin Publishing Ltd. Wilson, P. (1988). ‘Stranger’ child-murder: Issues relating to causes and controls.  Forensic Science International, Volume 36, Issues 3. This essay on The serial killer- Albert Fish was written and submitted by user Julio S. to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.